About Us
CAS Members
Faculty and Staff
Guest Experts
International Cooperation
Education & Training
Join Us
Societies & Publications
   Location: Home >  People > CAS Members
Details of the Faculty or Staff
GAO Xing
   Director of Department of Paleoanthropology
   142 Xizhimenwai ST., Beijing, 100044, China
Zip Code  

Education and Appointments:

Research Interest:
Public Services:


Seleted Publication:

  Xing GaoYing GuanMingjie YiFuyou ChenShuwen PeiHuimin Wang. The Discovery of Late Paleolithic “Stone Boiling” Remains at Shuidonggou, North China. Quaternary International, 2014 (in press) 

  Feng Li, Stven L. Kuhn, Olsen W. Olsen, Xing Gao. Disparate stone age technological evolution in North China. Journal of Anthropological Research, 2014, 70(1): 35-67 

  Xing Gao. Paleolithic Cultures in China: Uniqueness and Divergence. Current Anthropology2013, 54( Supplement 8): 358-370  

  Feng Li, Xing Gao, Fuyou Chen, Shuwen Pei, Yue Zhang ,Xiaoling Zhang, Decheng Liu, Shuangquan Zhang, Ying Guan,    Huimin Wang & Steven L. Kuhn. The development of Upper Palaeolithic China: new results from the Shuidonggou site. Antiquity, 2013, 87: 368–383 

  Feng Li, Steven L Kuhn, Xing Gao, Fu-you Chen. Re-examination of the dates of large blade technology in China: A comparison of Shuidonggou Locality 1 and Locality 2. Journal of Human Evolution, 2013, 64,161-168  

  ZHOU ZhenYu, GUAN Ying, GAO Xing & WANG ChunXue. Heat treatment and associated early modern human behaviors in the Late Paleolithic at the Shuidonggou site. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2013, 58(15): 1801-1810 

  Mingjie Yi, Loukas Barton, Christopher Morgan, Decheng Liu, Fuyou Chen, Yue Zhang, Shuwen Pei, Ying Guan, Huimin Wang, Xing Gao, Robert L. Bettinger. Microblade technology and the rise of serial specialists in north-central China. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 2013, 32: 212223 

  Shuwen Pei, Xing Gao, Huimin Wang, Kathleen Kuman, Christopher J. Bae, Fuyou Chen, Ying Guan, Yue Zhang, Xiaoling Zhang, Fei Peng, Xiaoli Li. The Shuidonggou site complex: new excavations and implications for the earliest Late Paleolithic in North China. Journal of Archaeological Science, 2012, 39: 3610-3626 

  Guan, Y., Gao, X., Li, F., Pei, S.W., Chen, F.Y., Zhou, Z.Y. Modern human behaviors during the late stage of the MIS3 and the broad spectrum revolution: Evidence from a Shuidonggou Late Paleolithic site. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2012, 57(4): 379-386 

  Peng Fei, Gao Xing, Wang Huimin, Chen Fuyou, Liu Decheng, Pei Shuwen. An engraved artifact from Shuidonggou, an early Late Paleolithic site in Northwest China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2012, 57(1): 1-6 

  ZHANG Shuangquan, LI Zhanyang, ZHANG Yue, GAO Xing. Skeletal element distributions of the large herbivores from the Lingjing site, Henan Province, China. Sci China (Earth Sci.). 2012, 55 (2): 246–253 

  GUAN Ying, GAO Xing, WANG HuMmin, CHEN FuYou, PEI ShuWen, ZANG XiaoLing, ZHOU ZhenYu. Spatial analysis of intra-site use at a Late Paleolithic site at Shuidonggou, Nortwest China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2011, 56(32): 3457-3463 

  Zhang, S.Q., Gao, X., Zhang, Y., Li, Z.Y. Taphonomic analysis of the Lingjing fauna and the first report of a Middle Paleolithic kill-butchery site in North China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2011, 56, 3213-3219. 

  GAO Xing, ZHANG XiaoLing, YANG DongYa, SHEN Chen & WU XinZhi. Revisiting the origin of modern humans in China and its implications for global human evolution. Science ChinaEarth Sciences2010, 40(9): 1287-1300 

  Yue Zhang, Mary C. Stiner, RobinDennell, Chunxue Wang, Shuangquan Zhang, Xing Gao. Zooarchaeological perspectives on the Chinese Early and Late Paleolithic from the Ma’anshan site (Guizhou, SouthChina). Journal of Archaeological Science, 2010, 37: 2066-2077 

  ZHANG Yue, WANG ChunXue, ZHANG ShuangQuan & GAO Xing. A zooarchaeological study of bone assemblages from the Ma’anshan Paleolithic site. SCIENCE CHINA (Earth Sciences), 2010, 53(3): 395-402 

  Zhang Xiaoling, SHEN Chen, Gao Xing, Chen Fuyou, Wang Chunxue. Use-wear evidence confirms the earliest hafted chipped-stone adzes of Upper Paleolithic in northern China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2010, 55(3): 268-275 

  ZHANG ShuangQuan, LI ZhanYang, ZHANG Yue & GAO Xing. Mortality profiles of the large herbivores from the Lingjing Xuchang Man Site, Henan Province and the early emergence of the modern human behaviors in East Asia. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2009, 54(21): 38573863 

  Wang C X, Zhang Yue, Gao Xing, Zhang Xiaoling, Wang Huimin. Archaeological study of Ostrich eggshell beads collected from SDG site. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2009, 54(21): 3887-3895 

  Zhang S Q, Li Zhanyang, Zhang Yue, Gao Xing. Mortality profiles of the large herbivores from the Lingjing Xuchang Man Site, Henan Province and the early emergence of the modern human behaviors in East Asia. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2009, 54(21): 3857-3863 

  Zhang Yue, Wang C X, Zhang S Q, Gao Xing. Cut marks and terminal Pleistocene hominids in the Ma’anshan site: evidence for meat-eating.Chinese Science Bulletin, 2009,54(21): 3872-3879 

  GAO Xing, YUAN BaoYin, PEI ShuWen, WANG HuiMin, CHEN FuYou & FENG XingWu. Analysis of sedimentary-geomorphologic variation and the living environment of hominids at the Shuidonggou Paleolithic site. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2008, 53( 13): 2025-2032 

  Gao, X., Wei, Q., Shen C. & Keats, S., New light on the earliest hominid occupation in East Asia. Current Anthropology. 2005, 46:115-120 

  Gao Xing, Huang Wanpo, Xu Ziqiang, Ma Zhibang, J.W. Olsen. 120-150 ka human tooth and ivory engravings from Xinglongdong Cave, Three Gorges Region, South China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2004, 49 (2):175-180 

  Gao Xing and Christopher J. Norton. A critique of the Chinese “Middle Paleolithic”. Antiquity2002, 76: 397-412. 

  Charles Perreault, P. Jeffrey Brantingham, Steven L. Kuhn, Sarah Wurz, and Xing Gao. Measuring the Complexity of Lithic Technology. Current Anthropology, 2013, 54 (Supplement 8): 397-406 

  Zhang Yue, Zhang Shuangquan, Wang Chunxue, Xu Xin, Pei Shuwen, Liu Decheng, Wang Huimin, Gao Xing. Zooarchaeological perspective on the Broad Spectrum Revolution in the Pleistocene-Holocene transitional period, with evidence from Shuidonggou Locality 12, China: Science China: Earth Sciences, 2013, 56(9):1487-1492 

  Pei, S.W., Gao, X., Wu, X.Z., Li, X.L., Bae, C.J. Middle to Late Pleistocene homimin occupation in the Three Gorges region, South China. Quaternary International, 2013, 175: 237-252 

  Qiaomei Fu, Matthias Meyer, Xing Gao, Udo Stenzel, Hernán A. Burbano, Janet Kelso, and Svante Pääbo. DNA analysis of an early modern human from Tianyuan Cave, China. PNAS, 2013, 110(6): 2223–2227 

  Pei S W, Gao X, Chen F Y, Feng X W, Dennell R. Lithic assemblage from the Jingshuiwan Paleolithic site of the early Late Pleistocene in the Three Gorges, China. Quaternary International, 2010, 211: 66-74. 

  Guanjun Shen, Xing Gao, Bin Gao & Darry E. Granger. Age of Zhoukoudian Homo erectus Determined with 26Al/10Be Burial Dating. Nature, 2009, 458(12): 198-200 

  Liu D C, Wang X L, Gao X, Xia Zhengkai, Pei Shuwen, Chen Fuyou, Wang Huimin. Progress in the stratigraphy and geochronology of the Shuidonggou site, Ningxia, North China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2009, 54(21): 3880-3886  

  R.X. Zhu, R. Potts, Y.X. Pan, H.T. Yao, L.Q. Lü, X. Zhao, X. Gao, L.W. Chen, F. Gao, C.L. Deng. Early evidence of the genus Homo in East Asia. Journal of Human Evolution, 2008, 55: 1075-1085 

  Christopher J. Norton, Xing Gao. Zhoukoudian Upper Cave Revisited. Current Anthropology, 2008, 49(4): 732-745. 

  Christopher J. Norton, Xing Gao. Hominin-carnivore interaction during the Chinese Early Paleolithic: Taphonomic perspective from Xujiayao. Journal of Human Evolution, 2008, 55: 164-178 

  David Rhode, Zhang Haiying, David B. Madsen, Gao Xing, P. Jeffrey Brantingham, Ma Haizhou, John W. Olsen. Epipaleolithic/early Neolithic settlements at Qinghai Lake, western China. Journal of Archaeological Science , 2007, 34(4): 600-612 

  Pei Shuwen, Zhang Jiafu, Gao Xing, Zhou Liping, Feng Xingwu, Chen Fuyou. Optical dating of the Jingshuiwan Paleolithic site of Three Gorges, China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2006,  51( 11): 1334—1342 

  WU Xianzhu, LIU Wu, GAO Xing & YIN Gongming. Huanglong Cave, a new late Pleistocene hominid site in Hubei Province, China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2006, 51( 20): 2493-2499  

  Brantingham P J and Gao Xing. Peopling of the northern Tibetan Plateau. World Archaeology, 2006, 38 (3): 387-414 

  Madsen D B, Ma Haizhou, Brantingham P J, Gao Xing, Rhode D, Zhang Haiying, Olsen J W. The Late Upper Paleolithic occupation of the northern Tibetan Plateau margin. Journal of Archaeological Science, 2006, 33: 1433-1444 

  Shen Guanjun, Xing Gao, Jian-xin Zhao, Kenneth D. Cllerson. U-series Dating of Locality 15 at Zhoukoudian, China, and Implications for Hominid Evolution. Quaternary Research, 2004, 62: 208-213 

  Brantingham P J, MA Haizhou, J.W. Olsen, GAO Xing, D.B. Madsen & D.E. Rhode. Speculation on the timing and nature of Late Pleistocene hunter-gatherer colonization of the Tibet Plateau. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2003, 48 (14): 1510-1516 

  Madsen, D.B., J.Z. LI, P.J. Brantingham, X. GAO, R.G. Elston & R.L. Bettinger. Dating Shuidonggou and the Upper Paleolithic blade technology in North China. Antiquity, 2001,75: 706-716.  

  GAO Xing, WANG Chunxue. In search of the ancestors of Chinese people. Bulletin of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. 201024(2): 111-114 

  Wang Chun-xue, Gao Xing, Chen Quanjia, Zhao Hailong, Fangqi. New discoveries of the Upper Paleolithic microblade (or blade)-based micro-tool industry in Northeast China. Journal of the Korean Paleolithic Society. 2008, 18: 79-106 

  GAO Xing, ZHANG Shuangquan, CHEN Fuyou. Research at the Zhoukoudian Site. Seonsa wa Kpdae (Prehistory and Ancient History). 2006, 25: 171-182 

  Gao Xing, Hyun-kyun Seong. Paleolithic research in China: Retrospect and prospect. Journal of the Korean Paleolithic Society, 2003, (7): 53-67. 

  Gao Xing. A study of the lithic assemblage from Zhoukoudian Locality 15. Acta Anthropologica Sinica, 2003, (Supplement to Vol. 21): 31-52.  

  GAO Xing. Interpretation of lithic technology at Zhoukoudian Locality 15. Acta Anthropologica Sinica, 2000, 19(Supplement): 156-165 

  GAO Xing. Core reduction at Zhoukoudian Locality 15. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia, 2000, 3(3): 2-12. 

  Gao Xing. On some theoretical approaches to Paleolithic research in China (有关中国旧石器时代文化特点的理论探讨)(中英文). 高星,李隆助 主编,《北京猿人80周年纪念-14届垂杨介与她的邻居国际学术研讨会》, 北京, 海洋出版社, 2013, 12-23 

  Li Feng, Chen Fuyou, Gao Xing, Liu Decheng, Wang Huimin, Zhang Doingju. A report on investigation and excavation at Shuiluo and Qingshui River Valley in Gansu Province in 2009 (甘肃省2009年水洛河、清水河流域旧石器调查和发掘). 高星,李隆助 主编,《北京猿人80周年纪念-14届垂杨介与她的邻居国际学术研讨会》, 北京, 海洋出版社, 2013, 24-35 

  Gao Xing, Guan Ying. The hearth remains and associated findings from Shuidonggou, a Late Paleolithic site in northwest China. 李隆助,高星,谢飞 主编,《泥河湾与垂杨介:第12届垂杨介与她的邻居们国际学术探讨会》, 北京:海洋出版社, 2013, 41-46 

  GAO Xing. The nature of Paleolithic handaxes from China and its implications for Lower Paleolithic cultural variation. In Handaxes in the Imjin Basin: Diversity and Variability in the East Asian Paleolithic. Edi. by Seonbok Yi. Seoul: Seoul National University Press, 2011, 193-217  

  Xing GAO. New Investigations at the Peking Man site. Yung-jo LEE and Jong-yoon WOO (Eds.).The 15th International Symposium: Suyanggae and Her Neighbours. Seoul: Hakyoun Publisher Company, 2010: 145-153 

  Gao Xing. New investigation at the Peking Man site. The 15th International Symposium: Suyanggae and Her Neighbours. Yung-jo Lee ed. Seoul: Hakyoun Publisher Company, 2010, 145-153  

  Christopher J. Norton, Xing Gao, and Xingwu Feng. The East Asian Middle Paleolithic Reexamined. M. Camps, P. Chauhan (eds.), Sourcebook of Paleolithic Transitions, Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009, 245-254 

  David B. Madsen, Chen Fa-Hu and Gao Xing. Archeology at the margins: Exploring the Late Paleolithic to Neolithic transitions in China’s arid west. In: Madsen, David B., Chen FaHu, and Gao Xing (Eds.). Late Quaternary Climate Change and Human Adaptation in Arid China. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2007, 3~7 

  P. Jeffrey Brantingham, Gao Xing, John W. Olsen, Ma Haizhou, David Rhode, Zhang Haiying and David B. Madsen. A short chronology for the peopling of the Tibetan Plateau. In: Madsen, David B., Chen FaHu, and Gao Xing (Eds.). Late Quaternary Climate Change and Human Adaptation in Arid China.  Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2007, 129~150 

  David B. Madsen, Chen Fa-Hu and Gao Xing. Changing views of Late Quaternary human adaptation in arid China. In: Madsen, David B., Chen FaHu, and Gao Xing (Eds.). Late Quaternary Climate Change and Human Adaptation in Arid China. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2007, 227~232 

  Brantingham, P. Jeffrey, Gao Xing, David B. Madsen, Robert L. Bettinger and Robert G. Elston.The Initial Upper Paleolithic at Shuidonggou. In The Early Upper Paleolithic East of the Danube, edited by P. Jeffrey Brantingham, Steven L. Kuhn and Kristopher W. Kerry. Berkeley: The University of California Press. 2004, 223-241 

  GAO Xing. Zhoukoudian: Present state and development plan. In Proceedings of UNESCO Training Seminar on the Preservation, Conservation, and management of Zhoukoudian and Sangiran World Prehistoric Sites. Expert papers 1-9. 2002. Solo, Indonesia 

Supported Projects: